More than three million people are affected by periodontitis, a severe gum infection that can lead to jawbone destruction. These leads to gum recession, leaving you with a less than brilliant smile. Luckily, gum grafting is an option for smile restoration.
Gum Grafting Procedures
A flap of skin is removed from the upper mouth (palate) to provide a visually appealing smile. If your tooth root is overexposed, this is the best course of action. A tissue from under the flap (subepithelial connective tissue) is detached and stitched to gum tissue where there is tooth root overexposure. Once the connective tissue is retrieved, the palatal flap is returned to its normal state with a few stitches.
Free Gingival Graft
A small amount of tissue from the upper mouth is used, similar to that of connective-tissue grafts. However, the tissue is only taken directly from the roof of the mouth only. The gum tissue will be stitched to the area that is experiencing gum recession. This is a great option for individual who have thin gum tissue.
Gum tissue is taken from around the area that needs a gum graft. The flap (pedicle) is cut on one side and the remaining gum tissue is pulled and stitched around the tooth root. This procedure is beneficial for individuals who have ongoing gum disease near the tooth.